How does dry cleaning work?

May 1, 2020

What happens to your clothes during dry cleaning

Doing laundry is one of the most common household chores for years. With technology, now we are able to do it easily. Washing machines have definitely made our lives a lot easier. The process is based on water, soap, and mechanical action. The alkali content in soap saponified ordinary dirt, oil, and other matter, and is flushed away with the drained water. The clothes are then dried in the electric drier or on a clothesline.

How Dry Cleaning Works

These are the facts that all of us know, but we are here to talk about dry cleaning. A laundry that offers dry cleaning in Dubai Marina says that it is a completely different process. Clothes are cleaned without the use of water. Clothes are cleaned using a cleaning fluid, in which all garments are immersed for cleaning. The process is called “dry” cleaning as no water is used. Now let us look at how dry cleaning works, and what happens to your clothes after dry cleaning.

Dry cleaning involves cleaning fabrics using chemical solvents, and using no water. During the process, water does not penetrate into the fabrics as in normal washing as only the surface is cleaned. Dry cleaning is normally used for clothes and fabrics that cannot withstand the rough washing at home by a standard machine or dryer.

Dry cleaning is preferred by most people in Downtown as the process preserves the desirable qualities of many clothes and helps to avoid shrinking or stretching that comes with normal washing. It also eliminates the need for more time-consuming washing processes. Some dry cleaners also offer wet cleaning services for washable items like linens, slacks, starched fabric, etc.

Evolution of Dry Cleaning

Dry cleaning has been around for so long, and as time passed cleaners began using petroleum-based solvents like kerosene and gasoline that are highly flammable and dangerous. By the 1930s cleaners started to use perchloroethylene or tetrachloroethylene that is a chlorinated solvent. They are highly effective and are still used by some commercial cleaners. These have distinctive chemical odors and are known to have carcinogenic properties. In the 90s governments around the world started regulating the use of these chemicals and advised to use safer and eco-friendly solvents.


According to a dry cleaning service in Motor City, there is a process called Green dry cleaning that is based on a carbon dioxide detergent system and cleaning machines that apply pressure. The process draws liquid carbon dioxide through fabrics to remove dirt. This process is good for fabrics as there is no heat involved. 

What happens to your clothes during dry cleaning?

The dry cleaning process starts once you drop your clothes at a dry-cleaning store or a laundry. Dry cleaners have large and expensive cleaning equipment that cleans your clothes through many steps. First of all, your garment is tagged with an identification number. Then the clothes are inspected to find out whether there are any faults or damages, and will be returned if any. 

Then comes the process called Stain Pretreatment when the cleaner checks for stains in the cloth, and treats them before the solvent process. After that, the clothes are dry cleaned in a machine. After the dry cleaning, there is a process called post spotting when the stains that are not removed during the machine cleaning are spotted and cleaned using steam or vacuum. As the final step, the garment is made ready to wear by steaming or pressing.


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